Gamification in E-learning: Examples and How to Implement in Your LMS
Gamification has become a buzzword across multiple spheres of life. Nonetheless, it’s meaning is unclear to many of us. This is not a game per se but the use of game-design elements in other contexts, such as e-learning.
In other words:
Whether you plan to make an e-learning platform like Udemy, a mobile app like Duolingo, or an LMS for healthcare, you'll face the entangled world of app gamification, and will be forced to jump in. Otherwise, you'll lag behind your competitors.
In this article, we guide you through all that you need to know about implementing gamification in online learning and we share our experience-based educational website design ideas.
Factors Influencing Gamification Upsurge
The past six years have witnessed a global growth in gamification revenues (CAGR = 37.1%).
And it’s all for a reason:
- Historic levels of private investment flowing to game-based learning companies;
- Uptake of corporate game-based learning;
- Increasing availability of simple tools to integrate game elements into the learning process;
- Introduction of multiple realities: augmented, virtual and simulated;
- Emergence of gamified mental exercises based on neuroscience;
- Worldwide implementation of the Internet of Things (IoT).
Why Gamification Works
E-learning gamification can upgrade e-learning by making the process more engaging and clearer, regardless of the type of learner or subject matter you are dealing with. And there is an exact science behind game-based learning. Endorphins.
When we are engaged in the activities stimulating our minds, our bodies release hormones called endorphins. These hormones help:
- Retain more information;
- Bring a sense of excitement and satisfaction;
- Better motivate the learner;
- Make the experience more powerful and memorable.
Self-determination Theory is one of the theories that have been applied in the context of gamification (Ryan & Deci, 2002).
What does this mean?
Gamification principles in e-learning allow touching on three basic psychological needs: competence, autonomy, and social relatedness.
The need for competence assumes that every human strives to feel competent while interacting with the environment and influencing it.
The need for autonomy describes psychological freedom and the capability to decide and choose whatever one desires.
The need for social relatedness refers to our feelings of attachment to people and places.
But wait, there is more:
The research conducted by Michael Salier, Jan Ulrich Hense, Sarah Katharine Mayr, and Heinz Mandl suggests that such elements of gamification as:
- Performance graphs
- Meaningful stories
...help satisfy all the three mentioned needs, i.e., autonomy, competence, and relatedness.
LMS Gamification Trends
These intelligent bots interact with users in a human-like manner and are often employed as virtual assistants. They are widely used in banking, healthcare and transport services, etc. Why not use one on an e-learning platform?
Chatbots provide a personalized learning experience for each student, and, at the same time, they can interact with groups.
Chatbots can act as teachers assigning group work on projects and save teachers’ time on students’ work assessment.
We are all familiar with AI through Siri and Google Now; they help us find useful information through voice requests.
They represent instances of NLP (natural language processing) and are also used in e-learning. Instead of typing answers or questions, students can say it loud and get a response. This is especially applicable for language e-learning courses.
AI in LMS is also capable of generating personalized content, such as generating new tasks according to learners’ abilities.
VR training is the most immersive learning technology in e-learning. It engages learners with a powerful sense of presence, replicates any product or environment, and also runs scenarios that are dangerous and can’t be realized in the real environment.
NASA uses VR to train astronauts.
Toyota uses VR to teach teens to drive.
The US military trains its soldiers with the help of VR technology.
Corporate training can use VR to simulate customer experience, reduce high-risk situations, and educate about harassment.
Simulated learning is similar to VR, but more accessible because it doesn’t require expensive equipment.
Simulation of real-life situations can be presented in video games.
Doctors can go through critical situations without the danger of losing a patient’s life.
Drivers can play online simulations without the fear of being hit by a van.
Salespeople can learn how to deal with annoying customers without losing their tempers and, ultimately, losing their jobs.
Benefits of Gamifying a Learning Platform
Enhanced e-learning experience. Follow the train of thought:
More games —> more fun —> higher level of learner engagement —> better retention.
Friendly learning environment. Game-based learning provides a soothing, more casual environment in which students don’t feel the pressure to give correct answers only. There’s always room for experimenting and learning through your mistakes.
Instant feedback. Learners immediately know to find out what mistakes they’ve made and how to correct them.
Multiple applications. Gamification is more than welcome in every corporate learning area, such as induction and onboarding, product sales, customer support, soft skills, awareness creation and compliance.
When Gamification Goes Wrong
Focusing on gamifying learning, try not to lose sight of the goals.
The primary purpose of a course is to teach, not to entertain. So be aware of the following pitfalls:
- Learners can lose sight of their goals. They might play to get the badge or reach another level without any intention of retaining the knowledge.
Therefore, the quality of the content should be engaging by itself. Game-based elements are just the icing on the cake to make it even cooler.
- Not everyone loves to play. Some people prefer older methods of processing information. Try not to impose game elements too heavily; it should be natural.
What to Avoid in LMS with Gamification
When integrating gamification elements in your edTech project, there are three NOs that you should always keep in mind and steer clear from.
Read also: EdTech Market Trends in 2021
No manipulation. No subpar. No game design.
Gamification elements do not equal playing tricks with the learner ― the design must motivate and encourage the learner.
Gamification design does not mean bright video-games-like elements but much deeper components of the learning process.
Gamification elements are nothing like designing a game; they must be well-placed and not confuse the learner.
Add LMS Gamification to Your Project in 5 Steps
Now that you are completely aware of gamification, its benefits and drawbacks, what should be done in particular to gamify your learning management system?
The e-learning gamification development process follows the standard ADDIE design model, i.e., analysis, design, development, implementation, and evaluation.
Step #1. Analysis and UX Strategy
To build the project plan, the context of learning and the audience profile should be studied and analyzed.
- Context analysis. You need to ask the following questions:
- Who are your users? Are they motivated / unmotivated learners or risk-takers
- Why does your LMS need gamification? It may be to increase user retention or decrease the number of mistakes.
- What elements of the course should be gamified?
- What mechanics should you use to gamify?
- Gamer persona analysis. According to users behavior while learning and engaging in the game, and depending on their motivation, you can identify several player types:
- Killers (confident learners);
- Achievers (motivated learners);
- Socializers (emotional, unmotivated, dependent learners);
- Explorers (risk-takers).
The product owner, PM and designer work hand-in-hand to bring to life the created UX strategy and tactics for the gamification elements and to align every customer touchpoint with the gamified elements.
You can study and identify the elements that gamification can improve in your existing learning management system if you do LMS redesign.
Step #2. Design
Next, we create a storyboard that includes the most appropriate gamification elements and activities.
Gamification elements that meet specific business objectives must be included at the design stage, fully aligned with the set learning objectives and KPIs.
What are the basic gamification principles?
- Mechanics. Mechanics can be most easily explained as the incentives used to drive the activity of the player. It means each game should have its own set of rules. The user’s response and choice within those boundaries determine the final outcome. Mechanics elements: hidden/bonus levels, scores, trophies, notifications, rankings, badges, leaderboards, dashboards, user profiles.
- Dynamics. Dynamics are the behaviors and patterns of the game that help to set constraints (like time limits) for different levels, trigger user emotions and maintain the storyline of the game. Elements: group competition, collecting stickers and other awards, collaborations, gifts, progress, challenges, achievements.
Step #3. Development
We know our audience and goals, i.e., all that is required to successfully integrate gamification design elements in the project following the defined UX strategy.
To gamify your learning management system you need to implement the design you already have and evaluate the deliverables. The system structure with the gamification components starts to connect here.
Step #4. Implementation
After implementing and delivering the gamification elements, we get a gamified LMS.
Probably the most important and complex step is when the team of software developers builds a product in full compliance with the agreed design and prototypes. Next, the QA department tests all gamification elements to identify whether they work as they are supposed to. Whatever the result, the QA team will share their feedback with the developers and request them to fix issues if there are any.
Step #5. Evaluation
Evaluation of your gamified LMS can give you a powerful impulse for further development. Final analysis calculation of results take place here along with the post-release support and maintenance.
Development never stops. Thanks, Captain Obvious.
Nevertheless, now it’s high time to calculate, evaluate, test, perform a UX audit to make your LMS more user-friendly, engaging, and profitable.
Only by ascertaining the ROI, retention, engagement, and other performance metrics you can estimate how effective the gamification elements are in achieving the set business goals.
Basic Gamification Design Principles
According to “Gamification in Education: What is Known, What is Believed and What Remains Uncertain: a Critical Review,” which is research performed by Darina Dicheva, a professor in computer science, there are four game designing principles that must be considered when developing gamified LMS:
- Quick Feedback
Make sure to add and display follow-up messages as soon as the learner completes each task or its element. The process should be as clear as possible. This will promote the balancing of awards, rewards, and triggers to keep students learning.
- Room to Fail
There should be no fear of failure. Similar to video games where the player can start from the last completed level, learning games should bring no stress but encourage students to take risks, achieve better results, and retry.
Visualization is the king. Just as endless tasks make the process tiresome, so progress bars and levels make the learning journey clear and transparent. Like a growing snowball, such progression helps accumulate knowledge and get ready for the final level.
There is always an extraordinary story behind a viral game. You can choose to make the learner a watcher, a participant, or a creator in your LMS, or you can encompass all three in one single role. It all depends on the learner personas and gamer types you have. The contents should be structured in a way that creates a narrative and players should be asked to participate in the creation of the story.
Types of E-learning Gamification
There are two types of e-learning gamification: structural and content. Both work well, and it’s up to the course creators to decide which one suits their particular course the best.
This type of gamification suggests introducing game elements into the learning process, which do not alter the content itself.
E-learners are engaged with rewards.
The learner can earn points for watching a lecture or completing an assignment. The assignment and the video lecture itself have no game elements. But they become a challenge to deal with in order to get something or get somewhere.
So what exactly can e-learners get?
- Points for specific tasks;
- Badges for reaching certain goals;
- Achievements for going through a set of tasks and reaching several goals;
- Levels. Learners move to more complex tasks;
- Leaderboards that rank each learner’s achievement and create a healthy competitive environment;
- Social integration. Learners are encouraged to help each other while going through the course.
Duolingo is one of the gamification e-learning examples of this type. This language learning platform provides self-paced courses that integrate the above-mentioned gamification elements.
Talent LMS offers training online solutions for a range of industries, such as technology, healthcare, supply chains.
Here, the course content itself is altered to entwine e-learning games. Hence the name.
Role-playing is an excellent format for training and courses related to decision making. Learners assume a certain role and react correspondingly in simulated life situations.
Tactical games and simulations develop strategic thinking skills.
In platform games, learners try to get from one end of a board to another while dealing with obstacles.
Medieval Swansea, an interactive historical course, would be another gamification e-learning example. It allows learners to take on the role of a detective and solve a mystery.
Source: Medieval Swansea
Real-Life Gamification E-learning Examples
Let’s overview a few examples of gamified elements implementation in real life:
- Awards and dashboards
- Progress bar & activities
- Dashboard & leaderboard
Source: Talented Learning
- Certification & badges
Integration of gamified elements allows you to achieve specific goals, address pain points, and guarantee an engaging and immersive learning experience. Gamification helps improve learning, job onboarding, and training by supporting the learner and improving the outcomes.
Now that you know all about gamification in LMS, why not create a gamified experience in your e-learning project?
An experienced team will make the process less challenging and help you bring the best-of-breed experience for your learning management system to life.
Contact Agente e-learning gamification company today to discuss your next e-learning or LMS gamification project!
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